Security and Justice:
Conflict, Terrorism and R2P
This panel will examine African solutions to countering violence and extremism by discussing the effectiveness of current national and supranational strategies. Additionally, the panel will incorporate perspectives on the international community’s efforts to keep the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) commitment and to assess the success of peacekeeping and security initiatives.
Displacement and insecurity across Africa has unfolded without international visibility. In Eritrea, home to some of the world’s worst human rights abuses and mass migration have been sparked by decades of forced conscription, imprisonment and torture. In Burundi, Guinea-Bissau and the Central African Republic, military coups and internal conflicts rather than peace are the norm. Meanwhile, BBC estimates that up to six million people have lost their lives in the war in the Democratic Republic of Congo, a resource-rich state plagued with a history of brutal conflicts. These conflicts only represent a few of the security issues that millions of Africans face. Africa remains an epicenter of conflict and the global war on terror, with threats of homegrown groups like Boko Haram and Al-Shabaab. The continent’s vulnerability to security risks and the likelihood of spillover effects to neighbouring countries points to the need for discussions on ways to resolve these persistent issues.
Chair: Tomi Oladipo
Tomi Oladipo has spent the last decade reporting on across Africa for the BBC reporting current affairs across West Africa and the Horn of Africa. He currently specialises in armed conflict and the operations of jihadi groups in sub-Saharan Africa but his work has also focused on business, culture, humanitarian crises and several elections on the continent. Tomi is a British-born Nigerian, who has spent nearly half of his life in Kenya, where he is currently based as the BBC's Africa Security Correspondent.
Dr Lori-Anne Theroux-Benoni joined the ISS in 2012 and is currently the head of the Dakar office. Before attaining this position she was a senior researcher with the Conflict Prevention and Risk Analysis division in the Dakar office. Prior to joining the ISS, Lori Anne worked as a researcher on peace and security issues with the Network on Peace Operations (ROP) at the University of Montreal in Canada. She has developed various projects relating to peace operations mainly in New York and Addis Ababa. Lori-Anne’s field research and policy work in West Africa has covered peace operations, peace processes, post-conflict electoral processes, the anthropology of conflict, media and democratisation. She has a PhD in Anthropology from the University of Toronto in Canada.
Brenda Mofya , Oxfam International Head of Humanitarian Campaigning, has profound professional and field level experience in security, humanitarian policy and campaigning. For four years, she served as Oxfam Pan Africa Advisor on Peace and Security in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia working with CSO and government experts on governance, human rights, humanitarian policy, gender, peace and security. She holds a degree in European and International Law from the University of Bremen, a Master’s degree in Peace and Security from the University of Addis Ababa, and a Bachelor of Laws Degree from the University of Zambia.
Temitope Olodo is a Preventive Terrorism Consultant, Risk Analyst and a Security Strategist based in the United Kingdom; one of Africa’s foremost Diaspora Security Expert in Europe and subject matter expert on Diaspora Radicalisation. He worked in many sensitive strategic roles including the Office for Security and Counter Terrorism (OSCT), UK Border Agency and served as a Special Police Constable with Kent Police. Temmy as popularly called by friends, is an author and a prolific conference speaker.
Dr. Bakary Sambe is the founder and Director of the Timbuktu Institute- African Center for Peace Studies and the Founder of the Observatory of Radicalism and Religious Conflicts in Africa (ORCRA). He is a specialist in Islamic Militancy and transnational networks in the Sahel-Saharan Region and Lake Chad Basin. Nowadays, he is one of the foremost experts on issues related to Islamic militancy, radicalization process, and transnational networks in Sahel. Bakary has also worked for many international organizations and has advised governments and other structures on the risks bound to violent extremism, prevention and failover process.
Elham Saudi is the director of Lawyers for Justice in Libya. As Director of LFJL, Elham has worked on fact finding alleged human rights violations in Libya in the period since 15 February 2011. She has advised a number of Libyan, European and international bodies in relation to the conflict in Libya. She completed an LLM in International Law at the School of Oriental and African Studies in 2011, obtaining a Distinction. Elham is also an Associate Fellow in the International Law Programme at Chatham House, an independent policy institute based in London.
Bukola Adeyemi Oyeniyi (PhD) -
Technology: Negotiating Tomorrow’s Armed Conflict and Terrorism in West Africa
Bukola Adeyemi Oyeniyi is an Assistant Professor of African History, Missouri State University, Springfield. He holds a doctorate degree in History from the Leiden University, the Netherlands. His research interests cover the broad spectrum of Africa’s expressive culture and identity, as well as conflict and terrorism. His most recent work on terrorism entitled “One Voice, Multiple Tongues: Dialoguing with Boko Haram,” appeared in Democracy and Security, Vol. 10, No1, 2014: pp. 79-25. He is also the author of Dress in the Making of African Identity: A Social and Cultural History of the Yoruba People, (New York, USA: Cambria Press, 2015): pp. xii+340. Dr. Oyeniyi currently teaches African history at the Missouri State University, Springfield, Missouri, USA.